[171] The United States is by far the country with the most cases of COVID-19 since April 11, 2020. [48] Successful English settlement of the eastern coast of North America began with the Virginia Colony in 1607 at Jamestown and with the Pilgrims colony at Plymouth in 1620. The United States has an established structure of foreign relations. The full list is shown in the table below, with current population and subregion (based on the United Nations official statistics). [485][486] In the 1970s, "New Hollywood" or the "Hollywood Renaissance"[487] was defined by grittier films influenced by French and Italian realist pictures of the post-war period. "[30] In June 1776, Thomas Jefferson wrote the phrase "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA" in all capitalized letters in the headline of his "original Rough draught" of the Declaration of Independence. After the Civil War, Charles Sanders Peirce and then William James and John Dewey were leaders in the development of pragmatism. [506] Although the cost of publishing has increased over the years, the price of newspapers has generally remained low, forcing newspapers to rely more on advertising revenue and on articles provided by a major wire service, such as the Associated Press or Reuters, for their national and world coverage. Fearing the spread of instability, in August, President George H. W. Bush launched and led the Gulf War against Iraq; waged until January 1991 by coalition forces from 34 nations, it ended in the expulsion of Iraqi forces from Kuwait and restoration of the monarchy. The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US), or America, is a country primarily located in North America, consisting of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions. With very few exceptions, all the newspapers in the U.S. are privately owned, either by large chains such as Gannett or McClatchy, which own dozens or even hundreds of newspapers; by small chains that own a handful of papers; or in a situation that is increasingly rare, by individuals or families. Almost all countries have embassies in Washington, D.C., and many have consulates around the country. Stadt und Bevölkerungsdichte Europa Karte. The flat, fertile prairie of the Great Plains stretches to the west, interrupted by a highland region in the southeast. [338] The United States has the largest external debt in the world[339] and the 34th largest government debt as a percentage of GDP in the world as of 2017; however, more recent estimates vary. Scheb, John M.; Scheb, John M. II (2002). [405], Wealth, like income and taxes, is highly concentrated; the richest 10% of the adult population possess 72% of the country's household wealth, while the bottom half possess only 2%. [145][146] The late 1980s brought a "thaw" in relations with the Soviet Union, and its collapse in 1991 finally ended the Cold War. [h] At 3.8 million square miles (9.8 million square kilometers), it is the world's third- or fourth-largest country by total area. Although little known at the time, Charles Ives's work of the 1910s established him as the first major U.S. composer in the classical tradition, while experimentalists such as Henry Cowell and John Cage created a distinctive American approach to classical composition. Is there any data you would like to find on the portal? In 2010, President Obama led efforts to pass the Affordable Care Act, the most sweeping reform to the nation's healthcare system in nearly five decades. Einwohnern weniger als 5 %. However, Iran, North Korea, Bhutan, and the Republic of China (Taiwan) do not have formal diplomatic relations with the United States (although the U.S. still maintains unofficial relations with Bhutan and Taiwan). ", "What, When, and Where Americans Eat in 2003", "Metallica's 'Black album' is Top-Selling Disc of last 20 years", "Eagles tribute band landing at Kirkland", "Aerosmith will rock Salinas with July concert", "Taylor Swift: Teen idol to 'biggest pop artist in the world, "Britney Spears is the most searched for celebrity of the decade", "Katy Perry: now the world's richest (famous) woman", "BBC—Imagine—Jay-Z: He Came, He Saw, He Conquered", "The enigma of Kanye West—and how the world's biggest pop star ended up being its most reviled, too", "Nigeria surpasses Hollywood as world's second-largest film producer", "John Landis Rails Against Studios: 'They're Not in the Movie Business Anymore, "Book explores Hollywood 'Golden Age' of the 1960s-'70s", "Marilyn Monroe, the eternal shape shifter", "Top 10 Most Popular Sports in America 2017", "Professional Football Widens Its Lead Over Baseball as Nation's Favorite Sport", "Passion for College Football Remains Robust", "Global sports market to hit $141 billion in 2012", "The 10 most fascinating facts about the all-time Winter Olympics medal standings", "With Sochi Olympics approaching, a history of Winter Olympic medals", "As American as Mom, Apple Pie and Football? Despite continuing new arrivals, the rate of natural increase was such that by the 1770s only a small minority of Americans had been born overseas. [286] The original text of the Constitution establishes the structure and responsibilities of the federal government and its relationship with the individual states. Marshals Service have specialized duties, including protecting civil rights, national security and enforcing U.S. federal courts' rulings and federal laws. [168], In the presidential election of 2016, Republican Donald Trump was elected as the 45th president of the United States. Rock bands such as Metallica, the Eagles, and Aerosmith are among the highest grossing in worldwide sales. [43][44], The first Europeans to arrive in the continental United States were Spanish conquistadors such as Juan Ponce de León, who made his first visit to Florida in 1513. Cable television offers hundreds of channels catering to a variety of niches. [223] In 2019, the U.S. had the world's highest rate of children living in single-parent households. 11 months ago EG Gemeinden. [354] As of 2020, the Prison Policy Initiative reported that there were some 2.3 million people incarcerated. Taxation in the United States is based on citizenship, not residency. [218] In 2008, 273 incorporated municipalities had populations over 100,000, nine cities had more than one million residents, and four cities had over two million (namely New York, Los Angeles, Chicago, and Houston). Most of Alaska is subarctic or polar. Facebook. [496] In soccer (a sport that has gained a footing in the United States since the mid-1990s), the country hosted the 1994 FIFA World Cup, the men's national soccer team qualified for ten World Cups and the women's team has won the FIFA Women's World Cup four times; Major League Soccer is the sport's highest league in the United States (featuring 23 American and three Canadian teams). Blacks faced racial segregation, especially in the South. History. [105] American Samoa was acquired by the United States in 1900 after the end of the Second Samoan Civil War. [395] During World War II, the Manhattan Project developed nuclear weapons, ushering in the Atomic Age, while the Space Race produced rapid advances in rocketry, materials science, and aeronautics. Economy and the euro. In the visual arts, the Hudson River School was a mid-19th-century movement in the tradition of European naturalism. The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US), or America, is a country primarily located in North America, consisting of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions. In 1919, President Woodrow Wilson took a leading diplomatic role at the Paris Peace Conference and advocated strongly for the U.S. to join the League of Nations. [403] Americans on average have more than twice as much living space per dwelling and per person as EU residents. Basketball and ice hockey are the country's next two leading professional team sports, with the top leagues being the National Basketball Association (NBA) and the National Hockey League (NHL). [493], American football is by several measures the most popular spectator sport;[495] the National Football League (NFL) has the highest average attendance of any sports league in the world, and the Super Bowl is watched by tens of millions globally. [241] Apart from Baptists, other Protestant categories include nondenominational Protestants, Methodists, Pentecostals, unspecified Protestants, Lutherans, Presbyterians, Congregationalists, other Reformed, Episcopalians/Anglicans, Quakers, Adventists, Holiness, Christian fundamentalists, Anabaptists, Pietists, and multiple others. [454], In the 18th and early 19th centuries, American art and literature took most of its cues from Europe. Home ; Highlights . Who Coined the Phrase 'United States of America'? Datenquelle United Nations – Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division (2017): World Population Prospects: The 2017 Revision; Eurostat: Online-Datenbank: Population change (08/2018), Population (01/2018); Food and Agriculture Organization, electronic files and web … [251][252] Approximately one-third of the adult population is obese and an additional third is overweight. [324][325], The U.S. exercises full international defense authority and responsibility for Micronesia, the Marshall Islands and Palau through the Compact of Free Association. Advancements by American microprocessor companies such as Advanced Micro Devices (AMD) and Intel, along with both computer software and hardware companies such as Adobe Systems, Apple Inc., IBM, Microsoft, and Sun Microsystems, created and popularized the personal computer. Schweden mit 20 Einwohner/km 2 dünner besiedelt als die USA. [138][139] In 1959 Hawaii became the 50th and last U.S. state added to the country. [140] The growing Civil Rights Movement used nonviolence to confront segregation and discrimination, with Martin Luther King Jr. becoming a prominent leader and figurehead. While President Lincoln attempted to foster friendship and forgiveness between the Union and the former Confederacy, his assassination on April 14, 1865 drove a wedge between North and South again. [182] The Sierra Nevada and Cascade mountain ranges run close to the Pacific coast, both ranges reaching altitudes higher than 14,000 feet (4,300 m). Settlers traded for food and animal pelts; natives for guns, tools and other European goods. [189] Overall, the United States receives more high-impact extreme weather incidents than any other country in the world. French fries, Mexican dishes such as burritos and tacos, and pasta dishes freely adapted from Italian sources are widely consumed. [391][392], In 1876, Alexander Graham Bell was awarded the first U.S. patent for the telephone. Of those impoverished, 18.5 million live in deep poverty (family income below one-half of the poverty threshold) and over five million live "in 'Third World' conditions". [39] The city-state of Cahokia is the largest, most complex pre-Columbian archaeological site in the modern-day United States. [466], The American fast food industry, the world's largest,[467] pioneered the drive-through format in the 1940s. [194], There are 62 national parks and hundreds of other federally managed parks, forests, and wilderness areas. The Wright brothers, in 1903, made the first sustained and controlled heavier-than-air powered flight. [195] Altogether, the government owns about 28% of the country's land area,[196] mostly in the western states. The First Amendment of the U.S. Constitution guarantees the free exercise of religion and forbids Congress from passing laws respecting its establishment. McDuffie, Jerome; Piggrem, Gary Wayne; Woodworth, Steven E. (2005). [363] In recent years the number of executions and presence of capital punishment statute on whole has trended down nationally, with several states recently abolishing the penalty. ", "Historical Census Statistics On Population Totals By Race, 1790 to 1990, and By Hispanic Origin, 1970 to 1990, For Large Cities And Other Urban Places In The United States", "Frequently Requested Statistics on Immigrants and Immigration in the United States", "Table 52. Each state then draws single-member districts to conform with the census apportionment. [341] The Reserves and National Guard brought the total number of troops to 2.3 million. households. The Beat Generation writers opened up new literary approaches, as have postmodernist authors such as John Barth, Thomas Pynchon, and Don DeLillo.[458].